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|Title:||On the relation between spontaneous trait inferences and intentional inferences: An inference monitoring hypothesis|
|Authors:||Ferreira, M. B.|
Hamilton, D. L.
Uleman, J. S.
|Keywords:||Spontaneous trait inference|
Impression formation inference monitoring
|Abstract:||More than twenty five years after the beginning of research on spontaneous trait inferences (Winter & Uleman, 1984) an intriguing paradox in the impression formation literature remains: if traits are spontaneously inferred, why aren't they used to organize behavioral information and thereby facilitate recall under memory instructions (Hamilton, Katz, & Leirer, 1980)7 We hypothesized that organization by traits is more evident under impression formation goals because only in that case then are inferences sufficiently monitored to permit their use in organizing impressions. As a consequence, such monitored traits can then be used strategically as retrieval cues. Merging the main features of the Winter and Uleman and the Hamilton et al. experimental paradigms, Experiment 1 simultaneously replicated the main results of both studies. Using a new recognition paradigm, Experiments 2 and 3 further tested this inference monitoring hypothesis by showing that monitoring of trait inferences only occurs under particular processing goals, and is dependent on the availability of cognitive resources.|
|Description:||WOS:000298935900001 (Nº de Acesso Web of Science)|
“Prémio Científico ISCTE-IUL 2013”
|Publisher version:||The definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2011.06.013|
|Appears in Collections:||CIS-RI - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem científica|
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|Ferreira_Garcia-Marques_EtAl_JESP_2012.pdf||288.5 kB||Adobe PDF||View/Open Request a copy|
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