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Title: Water scarcity and sustainability in an emerging economy: a management perspective for future
Authors: Zhang, D.
Sial, M. S.
Ahmad, N.
Filipe, J.
Thu, P. A.
Zia-Ud-Din, M.
Caleiro, A. B.
Keywords: Water scarcity
Sustainable development
Emerging economy
Environmental sustainability
Surface water
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Water scarcity is rising as a global issue, because the planet earth is facing a global water crisis, which is considered something that can destroy environmental sustainability of our planet. The fact is that humanity’s demand is depleting natural resources faster than nature can replenish itself; if human habits and unsustainable use of water resources do not change, water scarcity will inevitably intensify and become a major cause of conflict among different nations of the world. The water scarcity issue is a crucial issue but unfortunately it has not received due attention in past. Pakistan, which once was a water abundant country, now facing a situation of water scarcity. Pakistan has a poor irrigation system which results 60% loss of its water; Pakistan uses more water for crop production than other countries. Likewise, the country harvests water from rainfall, rivers, snow, and glaciers. The country is facing a serious water crisis that is caused by different factors, such as changing climatic conditions, rising population, poor irrigation system, poor political will, and rapid urbanization. The water crisis of Pakistan is expected to worsen in coming years. This is a drastic situation which calls for emergency measures. With this background, the present study provides a detailed view of the water situation in the country with challenges to water management. The study also suggests some recommendations for policymakers to improve the water crisis situation in the future.
Peer reviewed: yes
DOI: 10.3390/su13010144
ISSN: 2071-1050
Appears in Collections:ISTAR-RI - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem científica

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