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Title: Inpatients' and Outpatients' satisfaction: the mediating role of perceived quality of physical and social environment
Authors: Andrade, C. C.
Lima, M. L.
Pereira, C. R.
Fornara, F.
Bonaiuto, M.
Keywords: Hospital
Inpatients versus outpatients
Physical environment
Environmental quality perception
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: This study analyses the processes through which the physical environment of health care settings impacts on patients’ well-being. Specifically, we investigate the mediating role of perceptions of the physical and social environments, and if this process is moderated by patients’ status, that is, if the objective physical environment impacts inpatients’ and outpatients’ satisfaction by different social–psychological processes. Patients (N=206) evaluated the physical and social environments of the care unit where they were receiving treatment, and its objective physical conditions were independently evaluated by two architects. Results showed that the objective environmental quality affects satisfaction through perceptions of environmental quality, and that patients’ status moderates this relationship. For inpatients, it is the perception of quality of the social environment that mediates the relationship between objective environmental quality and satisfaction, whereas for outpatients it is the perception of quality of the physical environment. This moderated mediation is discussed in terms of differences on patients’ experiences of health care environments.
Description: WOS:000317266200014
Peer reviewed: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2013.01.013
ISSN: 1353-8292
Appears in Collections:CIS-RI - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem científica

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