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Title: The strategic expression of the personal and general belief in a just world
Authors: Alves, H.
Correia, I.
Keywords: Belief in a just world
Strategic self-presentation
Social desirability
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Hogrefe & Huber Publishers
Abstract: Previous research has shown that both the personal and the general belief in a just world (BJW) are judgment norms. This finding raises the possibility of a strategic component in the expression of the BJW. In the two studies reported in this article we investigated this possibility, specifically that the expression of BJW could be used to distinguish oneself from others and to convey specific images. In Study 1, we asked participants to fill in the personal and the general BJW scales on their behalf and according to the way they thought that their classmates would. The results showed that personal BJW was used as a device to distinguish the self from others. In Study 2 we asked the participants to fill in both BJW scales either according to their opinion or in order to convey a specific image: being likable, competent, successful, or pitiful. The results showed that personal BJW scores in the control condition and in all positive image conditions were higher than those in the "pitiful image'' condition. In the case of general BJW the same pattern only showed up when scores of personal BJW were not controlled for.
Description: WOS:000281313000005 (Nº de Acesso Web of Science)
“Prémio Científico ISCTE-IUL 2011”
Peer reviewed: Sim
DOI: 10.1027/1016-9040/a000020
ISSN: 1016-9040
Publisher version: The definitive version is available at:
Appears in Collections:CIS-RI - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem científica

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