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Author(s): Rodrigues, D. L.
Zoppolat, G.
Balzarini, R. N.
Slatcher, R. B.
Date: 2022
Title: Security motives and negative affective experiences during the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic
Journal title: Psychology and Health
Volume: 37
Number: 12
Pages: 1605 - 1625
Reference: Rodrigues, D. L., Zoppolat, G., Balzarini, R. N., & Slatcher, R. B. (2022). Security motives and negative affective experiences during the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychology and Health, 37(12), 1605-1625.
ISSN: 0887-0446
DOI (Digital Object Identifier): 10.1080/08870446.2022.2067332
Keywords: COVID-19
Regulatory focus
Prevention focus
Health behaviours
Negative affect
Social support
Abstract: Objective: Self-regulation can help individuals cope during stressful events, but little is known about why and when this might occur. We examined if being more focused on prevention was linked to negative affective experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic. We also examined possible underlying mechanisms for this association, and whether social support buffered it. Design: Pre-registered longitudinal study, with surveys every two weeks over one month (N = 1,269). Main outcome measures: Regulatory focus and worry for health (T1), adherence to self isolation and preventive health behaviors (T2), negative affective experiences, positive affect, frequency of online interactions, and perceived social support (T3). Results: Prevention focus was associated with health worries at baseline and linked to greater adherence to preventive health behaviors (T2). Only adherence to self-isolation was linked to more negative affective experiences (T3). Exploratory analyses showed that prevention focus was linked to more negative affective experiences (T3), but only for participants with fewer online interactions with their family and less perceived social support from family and friends. Conclusions: Prevention motives in threatening times can be a double-edged sword, with benefits for health behaviors and consequences for negative affective experiences. Having a strong social network during these times can alleviate these consequences.
Peerreviewed: yes
Access type: Open Access
Appears in Collections:CIS-RI - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem científica

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