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Title: Voice changes meaning: the role of gay- versus straight-sounding voices in sentence interpretation
Authors: Fasoli, F.
Maass, A.
Karniol, R.
António, R.
Sulpizio, S.
Keywords: Message interpretation
Sexual orientation
Interpersonal communication
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2020
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Abstract: Utterances reveal not only semantic information but also information about the speaker’s social category membership, including sexual orientation. In four studies (N = 345), we investigated how the meaning of what is being said changes as a function of the speaker’s voice. In Studies 1a/1b, gay- and straight-sounding voices uttered the same sentences. Listeners indicated the likelihood that the speaker was referring to one among two target objects varying along gender-stereotypical characteristics. Listeners envisaged a more “feminine” object when the sentence was uttered by a gay-sounding speaker, and a more “masculine” object when the speaker sounded heterosexual. In Studies 2a/2b, listeners were asked to disambiguate sentences that involved a stereotypical behavior and were open to different interpretations. Listeners disambiguated the sentences by interpreting the action in relation to sexual-orientation information conveyed by voice. Results show that the speaker’s voice changes the subjective meaning of sentences, aligning it to gender-stereotypical expectations.
Peer reviewed: yes
DOI: 10.1177/0261927X19886625
ISSN: 0261-927X
Accession number: WOS:000496055000001
Appears in Collections:CIES-RI - Artigos em revista científica internacional com arbitragem científica

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