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Title: Higher trait mindfulness is associated with empathy but not with emotion recognition abilities
Authors: Vilaverde, R. F.
Correia, A. I.
Lima, C. F.
Keywords: Emotion
Trait mindfulness
Speech prosody
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: The Royal Society
Abstract: Mindfulness involves an intentional and non-judgemental attention or awareness of present-moment experiences. It can be cultivated by meditation practice or present as an inherent disposition or trait. Higher trait mindfulness has been associated with improved emotional skills, but evidence comes primarily from studies on emotion regulation. It remains unclear whether improvements extend to other aspects of emotional processing, namely the ability to recognize emotions in others. In the current study, 107 participants (Mage = 25.48 years) completed a measure of trait mindfulness, the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, and two emotion recognition tasks. These tasks required participants to categorize emotions in facial expressions and in speech prosody (modulations of the tone of voice). They also completed an empathy questionnaire and attention tasks. We found that higher trait mindfulness was associated positively with cognitive empathy, but not with the ability to recognize emotions. In fact, Bayesian analyses provided substantial evidence for the null hypothesis, both for emotion recognition in faces and in speech. Moreover, no associations were observed between mindfulness and attention performance. These findings suggest that the positive effects of trait mindfulness on emotional processing do not extend to emotion recognition abilities.
Peer reviewed: yes
DOI: 10.1098/rsos.192077
ISSN: 2054-5703
Accession number: WOS:000560486400001
Appears in Collections:CIS-RI - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem científica

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