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Title: Light field image coding based on hybrid data representation
Authors: Monteiro, R.
Rodrigues, N.
Faria, S. M. M.
Nunes, P.
Keywords: HEVC
Light field representation
Light field image coding
Pseudo-video sequence
Spatial pixel prediction
Least squares prediction
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: IEEE
Abstract: This paper proposes a novel efficient light field coding approach based on a hybrid data representation. Current state-of-the-art light field coding solutions either operate on micro-images or sub-aperture images. Consequently, the intrinsic redundancy that exists in light field images is not fully exploited, as is demonstrated. This novel hybrid data representation approach allows to simultaneously exploit four types of redundancies: i) sub-aperture image intra spatial redundancy, ii) sub-aperture image inter-view redundancy, iii) intra-micro-image redundancy, and iv) inter-micro-image redundancy between neighboring micro-images. The proposed light field coding solution allows flexibility for several types of baselines, by adaptively exploiting the most predominant type of redundancy on a coding block basis. To demonstrate the efficiency of using a hybrid representation, this paper proposes a set of efficient pixel prediction methods combined with a pseudo-video sequence coding approach, based on the HEVC standard. Experimental results show consistent average bitrate savings when the proposed codec is compared to relevant state-of-the-art benchmarks. For lenslet light field content, the proposed coding algorithm outperforms the HEVC-based pseudo-video sequence coding benchmark by an average bitrate savings of 23%. It is shown for the same light field content that the proposed solution outperforms JPEG Pleno verification models MuLE and WaSP, as these codecs are only able to achieve 11% and -14% bitrate savings over the same HEVC-based benchmark, respectively. The performance of the proposed coding approach is also validated for light fields with wider baselines, captured with high-density camera arrays, being able to outperform both the HEVC-based benchmark, as well as MuLE and WaSP.
Peer reviewed: yes
DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2020.3004625
ISSN: 2169-3536
Appears in Collections:IT-RI - Artigo em revista internacional com arbitragem científica

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