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Title: Belief in a zero-sum game and subjective well-being across 35 countries
Authors: Różycka-Tran, J.
Piotrowski, J. P.
Zemojtel-Piotrowska, M.
Jurek, P.
Osin, E. N.
Adams, B. G.
Ardi, R.
Baltatescu, S.
Bhomi, A. B.
Bogomaz, S.
Cieciuch, J.
Clinton, A.
De Clunie, G. T.
Czarna, A.
Esteves, C.
Gouveia, V.
Halik, M. H. J.
Kachatryan, N.
Kamble, S. V.
Kawula, A.
Klicperova-Baker, M.
Kospakov, A.
Letovancova, E.
Lun, V. M.- C.
Cerrato, S. M.
Muehlbacher, S.
Nikolic, M.
Pankratova, A. A.
Park, J.
Paspalanova, E.
Pék, G.
De Leon, P. P.
Šolcová, I. P.
Shahbaz, W.
Ha, T. T. K.
Tiliouine, H.
Van Hiel, A.
Vauclair, C.- M.
Wills-Herrera, E.
Włodarczyk, A.
Yahiiaiev, I. I.
Maltby, J.
Keywords: Belief in a zero-sum game
Subjective well-being
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Springer
Abstract: This article presents a short research report on the relationship between perceived antagonism in social relations measured using the Belief in a Zero-Sum Game (BZSG) scale, life satisfaction, and positive and negative affect. Given that individuals who believe that life is like a zero-sum game are likely to perceive their daily interactions with others as unfair, we expected that individuals with high BZSG experience more negative affect and fewer positive one, resulting in a lower satisfaction with life. In addition, we examined whether country-level BZSG may play a moderating role in these associations. Data were collected from student samples (N = 7146) in 35 countries. Multilevel modelling revealed that perceived social antagonism in social relations is negatively associated with satisfaction with life and that this relationship is mediated by both positive and negative affect at the individual level. The relation of individual BZSG and negative affect on satisfaction with life were weaker in societies with higher country-level BZSG, suggesting that the effects of BZSG may be less detrimental in these countries. These findings extend previous knowledge about predictors of life satisfaction and suggest that social beliefs might also be an important factor that influences subjective well-being. The contribution of the study is that the separate treatment of life satisfaction and positive and negative affect may be helpful in many research situations, particularly from a cross-cultural perspective.
Peer reviewed: yes
DOI: 10.1007/s12144-019-00291-0
ISSN: 1046-1310
Appears in Collections:CIS-RI - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem científica

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