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Author(s): Sousa, I. C.
Ramos, S.
Carvalho, H.
Date: 2019
Title: Age-diversity practices and retirement preferences among older workers: a moderated mediation model of work engagement and work ability
Volume: 10
ISSN: 1664-1078
DOI (Digital Object Identifier): 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01937
Keywords: Retirement
Older workers
Age diversity
Work engagement
Work ability
Retirement preferences
Age-diversity practices
Abstract: To meet the demographic changes, organizations are challenged to develop practices that retain older workers and encourage them to postpone retirement. The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of human resources (HR) practices in retirement preferences of older workers. Drawing on theories on lifespan development and social exchange, we suggest that organizations can facilitate longer working lives by implementing bundles of HR practices that are sensitive to age-related changes in workers’ skills, preferences, and goals – i.e., age-diversity practices. We posit that age-diversity practices are positively related to work engagement that, in turn, relates to the preference for retiring later. We further suggest that work ability moderates the relationship between age-diversity practices and work engagement. Finally, we propose a moderated mediation model in which the mediated relationship is moderated by work ability. A sample of 232 older Portuguese workers completed a questionnaire. Hypotheses were tested by using structural equation modeling (SEM). Findings show that work engagement completely mediates the relationship between age-diversity practices and the preference for early or late retirement. Moreover, this mediating relationship is more important for those workers who experience low work ability. Results further demonstrate that the effect of age-diversity practices on the preference for retiring later via work engagement is stronger for lower levels of work ability. This study highlights the organizational role in promoting longer and healthier working lives through the implementation of age-supportive HR practices.
Peerreviewed: yes
Access type: Open Access
Appears in Collections:BRU-RI - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem científica
CIES-RI - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem científica
DINÂMIA'CET-RI - Artigos em revistas internacionais com arbitragem científica

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