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http://hdl.handle.net/10071/18136
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Title: Humans adapt to social diversity over time
Authors: Ramos, M. R.
Bennett, M. R.
Massey, D. S.
Hewstone, M.
Keywords: Social diversity
Trust
Intergroup contact
Well-being
Health
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
Abstract: Humans have evolved cognitive processes favoring homogeneity, stability, and structure. These processes are, however, incompatible with a socially diverse world, raising wide academic and political concern about the future of modern societies. With data comprising 22 y of religious diversity worldwide, we show across multiple surveys that humans are inclined to react negatively to threats to homogeneity (i.e., changes in diversity are associated with lower self-reported quality of life, explained by a decrease in trust in others) in the short term. However, these negative outcomes are compensated in the long term by the beneficial influence of intergroup contact, which alleviates initial negative influences. This research advances knowledge that can foster peaceful coexistence in a new era defined by globalization and a socially diverse future.
Peer reviewed: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10071/18136
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1818884116
ISSN: 0027-8424
Ciência-IUL: https://ciencia.iscte-iul.pt/id/ci-pub-59695
Appears in Collections:CIS-RI - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem científica

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