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http://hdl.handle.net/10071/18133
acessibilidade
Title: Patterns of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm among European university student
Authors: Cooke, R.
Beccaria, F.
Demant, J.
Fernandes-Jesus, M.
Fleig, L.
Negreiros, J.
Urte Scholz
Richard de Visser
Keywords: Alcohol
AUDIT
Hazardous drinkers
Europe
University students
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract: Background To compare patterns of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm from a survey of university students sampled from universities in Denmark, England, Germany, Italy, Portugal and Switzerland. Methods A total of 2191 university students (70% female, 90% white ethnic group, age range 18–25) completed the survey. Participants completed measures of demographic variables (age, age of onset, ethnic group and sex) and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), which was the primary outcome. Results Sixty-three percent of the sample scored negative for harmful drinking on the AUDIT (<8), with 30% categorized as hazardous drinkers, 4% harmful drinkers and 3% with probable dependence. Analysis of variance, including demographic factors as covariates, identified a main effect of country on AUDIT scores F(5, 2086) = 70.97, P < 0.001, partial eta square = 0.15. AUDIT scores were highest in England (M = 9.99; SD = 6.17) and Denmark (M = 9.52; SD = 4.86) and lowest in Portugal (M = 4.90; ° = 4.60). Post hoc tests indicated large effect size differences between scores in Denmark and England and scores in all other countries (0.79 < d < 0.94; all P’s < 0.001). Conclusions European university students in our sample mainly reported low risk patterns of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm. However, students from Northern European countries had significantly higher AUDIT scores compared with students from Central and Southern European countries. Research is needed to replicate the present study using nationally representative samples to estimate the prevalence of alcohol use disorders among university students in different European countries.
Peer reviewed: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10071/18133
DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckz067
ISSN: 1101-1262
Ciência-IUL: https://ciencia.iscte-iul.pt/id/ci-pub-59724
Appears in Collections:CIS-RI - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem científica

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