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Title: Elastic shocks in relativistic rigid rods and balls
Authors: Costa, João L.
Natário, J
Keywords: Relativity
Wave equation
Free boundary
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: The Royal Society
Abstract: We study the free boundary problem for the ‘hard phase’ material introduced by Christodoulou in (Christodoulou 1995 Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal.130, 343–400), both for rods in (1 + 1)-dimensional Minkowski space–time and for spherically symmetric balls in (3 + 1)-dimensional Minkowski space–time. Unlike Christodoulou, we do not consider a ‘soft phase’, and so we regard this material as an elastic medium, capable of both compression and stretching. We prove that shocks must be null hypersurfaces, and derive the conditions to be satisfied at a free boundary. We solve the equations of motion of the rods explicitly, and we prove existence of solutions to the equations of motion of the spherically symmetric balls for an arbitrarily long (but finite) time, given initial conditions sufficiently close to those for the relaxed ball at rest. In both cases we find that the solutions contain shocks if and only if the pressure or its time derivative do not vanish at the free boundary initially. These shocks interact with the free boundary, causing it to lose regularity.
Peer reviewed: yes
DOI: 10.1098/rspa.2018.0858
ISSN: 1364-5021
Appears in Collections:BRU-RI - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem científica

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