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http://hdl.handle.net/10071/18013
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Title: Personal control decreases narcissistic but increases non-narcissistic in-group positivity
Authors: Cichocka, A.
de Zavala, A. G.
Marchlewska, M.
Bilewicz, M.
Jaworska, M.
Olechowski, M.
Keywords: Collective narcissism
Defensiveness
In-group identification
Personal control
Prejudice
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Wiley
Abstract: Objective: We examined the effects of control motivation on in-group positivity. Past research suggests that people compensate for low personal control by increasing support for social in-groups. We predicted that the effect of personal control on in-group positivity would depend on the type of in-group positivity. Low personal control should increase compensatory, narcissistic in-group positivity, whereas high personal control should increase secure, non-narcissistic in-group positivity. Method: These hypotheses were tested in a cross-sectional survey (Study 1 N = 1,083, 54% female, M age = 47.68), two experiments (Study 2 N = 105, 50% female, M age = 32.05; Study 3 N = 154, 40% female, M age = 29.93), and a longitudinal survey (Study 4 N = 398, 51% female, M age = 32.05). Results: In all studies, personal control was negatively associated with narcissistic in-group positivity but positively associated with non-narcissistic in-group positivity. The longitudinal survey additionally showed that the positive relationship between personal control and non-narcissistic in-group positivity was reciprocal. Moreover, both types of in-group positivity differentially mediated between personal control and out-group attitudes: Narcissistic in-group positivity predicted negative attitudes, and non-narcissistic positivity predicted positive attitudes. Conclusions: These findings highlight the role of individual motivation in fostering different types of in-group positivity and intergroup outcomes.
Peer reviewed: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10071/18013
DOI: 10.1111/jopy.12328
ISSN: 0022-3506
Ciência-IUL: https://ciencia.iscte-iul.pt/id/ci-pub-47948
Accession number: WOS:000434135900009
Appears in Collections:CIS-RI - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem científica

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