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Title: Bioclimatic urbanism and regional design in Portugal: the Atlantic and the Mediterranean contexts
Authors: Guerreiro, M.
Guarda, I.
Keywords: Urban nature regional design
Bioclimatic urbanism
Environmental response
Local identity
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: David Publishing
Abstract: The subject of the present work is the study of the relationship between the city shape and its geographical and climatic context. This is a very important feature of the Portuguese city. The Iberian Peninsula comprised by Spain and Portugal belongs to very different environments: the Atlantic and Mediterranean sea. This position is responsible for a series of highly contrasted regions. The external forces presented in each region, influence the shape, location and orientation, not only of individual buildings but of whole villages in such a way that we can identify patterns of construction in different natural regions. There is in fact, a remarkable correspondence between climate and urban type which is useful to identify for planning the different regions. The legacy of industrial city, as in other parts of the world, has changed this close connection between geography and architecture, with consequences not only in environment but especially for the identity of urban spaces. Bioclimatic urbanism is not just a question of sustainability or survival. It is also a question of local identity and variety. There is in fact a relationship between cultural process and environment responsive which we can learn from the structures of the past — the pre-industrial city. We believe that the reinterpretation of the traditional city patterns forms a language which can be used as a design process for recovering urban landscape.
Peer reviewed: yes
DOI: 10.17265/1934-7359/2012.08.004
ISSN: 1934-7359
Publisher version: The definitive version is available at:
Appears in Collections:CIES-RI - Artigos em revista científica internacional com arbitragem científica

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