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Title: Victim’s innocence, social categorization, and the threat to the belief in a just world
Authors: Correia, I.
Vala, J.
Aguiar, P.
Keywords: Belief in a just world
Victim's innocence
Automatic processing
Threat to the belief in a just world
Social categorization
Intergroup relations
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Academic Press/Elsevier
Abstract: This research studies people's reactions to the suffering of victims, examining the hypothesis of the belief in a just world (BJW) (Lerner, 1980) according to which the awareness of innocent victims threatens people's BJW, and extending the scope of BJW theory to intergroup contexts. An implicit measure of the threat to the BJW (Hafer, 2000a) is used in this research. After participants viewed a videotaped film containing the victimization story they performed an emotional modified Stroop task. Study 1 examined the threat to the BJW as function of the innocence of the victim at an interpersonal level of analysis. Results show that only the innocent victim threatens the observer's BJW. Study 2 examined the threat to the BJW as function of the victim's group and of the victim's innocence. Results show that an ingroup victim threatens the participant's BJW more than a victim belonging to an outgroup.
Description: WOS:000243646900003 (Nº de Acesso Web of Science)
Peer reviewed: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2005.12.010
ISSN: 0022-1031
Publisher version: The definitive version is available at:
Appears in Collections:CIS-RI - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem científica

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