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Title: Justice in our world and in that of others: belief in a just world and reactions to victims
Authors: Aguiar, P.
Vala, J.
Correia, I.
Pereira, C.
Keywords: Belief in a just world
Secondary victimization Intergroup relations
Social categorization
Reactions to victims
Scope of justice
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Springer
Abstract: Framed by the Belief in a Just World theory (BJW; Lerner, M. J. (1980). Belief in a just world: A fundamental delusion. New York: Plenum Publishing Corporation), this article presents two studies that analyze people's reactions to the suffering of victims belonging to an ingroup and an outgroup. In Study 1, participants viewed a videotaped film containing the victimization story. The victim was presented as a non-categorized, ingroup or outgroup (Gypsy) victim. Threat to BJW was measured using the modified Stroop task developed by Hafer (J Pers Soc Psychol 79: 165-173, 2000). In the second study, a non-victimization story was introduced and a 2 (victim, non-victim) 9 2 (ingroup, outgroup) between-subjects design was used. Both studies show that the ingroup victim is more threatening to the BJW than the outgroup victim. The expected secondary victimization of the ingroup victim was only obtained in the second study when a non-obtrusive derogation measure was used.
Description: WOS:000259071100004 (Nº de Acesso Web of Science)
Peer reviewed: yes
DOI: 10.1007/s11211-007-0059-3
ISSN: 0885-7466
Publisher version: The definitive version is available at:
Appears in Collections:CIS-RI - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem científica

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