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http://hdl.handle.net/10071/13058
acessibilidade
Title: Does contextual change affect basic human values? A dynamic comparative multilevel analysis across 32 European countries
Authors: Tormos, R.
Vauclair, C.-M.
Dobewall, H.
Keywords: Values
Attitudes
Beliefs
Value change
Cross-national differences
Time-varying characteristics of countries
European Social Survey
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: SAGE
Abstract: This article examines the relationship of stable contextual differences and contextual change with the endorsement of Schwartz’s (1992) two basic value dimensions—Openness-to-Change versus Conservation and Self-Enhancement versus Self-Transcendence. Using six waves of the European Social Survey, an extension of multilevel analysis is used which combines both a cross-national comparative and a dynamic analysis of values. The hierarchical data structure and the covariates for value endorsement are defined at three distinct levels: a first level for individuals (with sociodemographic variables, such as age and gender), a second level for country-waves (with time-varying covariates), and a third level for country (with time-invariant covariates). The main aim is to determine if changes in contextual covariates over time are related to value differences between countries over and above contextual time-invariant covariates. High national wealth and low income inequality predicted high Self-Transcendence values and low Conservation values. Low national unemployment rates were associated with less conservatism. When entered simultaneously into the model, only time-invariant differences in gross domestic product (GDP) remained to be a significant predictor of Schwartz’s two basic value dimensions. Finally, we found that an increase in income inequality over time has a certain incremental effect on the endorsement of Conservation over Openness-to-Change values. There were no associations for changes in national wealth and unemployment rates, suggesting that for value endorsement, time-varying contextual effects are less important overall than time-invariant contextual effects.
Description: WOS:000399920900003 (Nº de Acesso Web of Science)
Peer reviewed: yes
URI: https://ciencia.iscte-iul.pt/id/ci-pub-36988
http://hdl.handle.net/10071/13058
DOI: 10.1177/0022022117692675
ISSN: 0022-0221
Publisher version: The definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022022117692675
Appears in Collections:CIES-RI - Artigos em revista científica internacional com arbitragem científica

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