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Title: Cellular for the skies: exploiting mobile network infrastructure for low altitude air-to-ground communications
Authors: Afonso, L.
Souto, N.
Sebastião, P.
Ribeiro, M.
Tavares, T.
Marinheiro, R.
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: IEEE
Abstract: In this article we presented an overview of UASs for civil applications focusing on the communication component. We identified several available communication technologies for UAVs, their constraints, and also protocols available for implementing the remote operation of the vehicles. As an attractive solution for the A2G communication link for UAVs, we discussed the potential of mobile networks with their fully deployed infrastructures, wide radio coverage, high throughputs, reduced latencies, and large availability of radio modems. We described how a UAS can be implemented in a flexible and modular approach that allows it to rely on one or several wireless (UAVs and GCSs) and wired (GCSs) technologies. Despite the advantages of a system based on cellular and IP networks, there are problems that must be dealt with, namely, possible loss of radio coverage, presence of NAT, delay, jitter, and packet loss. Following the proposed architecture, we implemented an UAS and conducted some flight tests, which showed that the operation of the vehicles in semi-automatic or fully-automatic modes is feasible. It is expected that future enhancements for 4G networks and evolution to 5G will benefit UAV communications even further with lower latencies, higher throughput, and higher reliability.
Peer reviewed: yes
DOI: 10.1109/MAES.2016.150170
ISSN: 0885-8985
Accession number: WOS:000382772700001
Appears in Collections:IT-RI - Artigo em revista internacional com arbitragem científica

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