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http://hdl.handle.net/10071/12317
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Title: Gender inequalities in highly qualified professions: a social psychological analysis
Authors: Santos, M. H.
Amâncio, L.
Keywords: Gender segregation
Politics
Medicine
Gender asymmetries
Gender unawareness
Meritocratic individualism
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: PsychOpen
Abstract: Research in social and political psychology contributes towards understanding the persistence of job market gender segregation prevailing in recent decades, the consequences for those involved and their reactions when having to cope with gender inequality. Within the framework of the literature on shared ideologies that justify and legitimize discrimination against women, this article focuses on Portugal and analyses the particular case of women in two highly qualified professions traditionally carried out by men – politics and medicine. Drawing on the results of quantitative and qualitative studies, our analytical approach demonstrates how while a majority of participants show awareness of the existence of gender inequality in these markedly masculine professions, meritocratic individualism and personal attributions to discrimination are the recurring explanations rather than any gender-based account. These results allow us to highlight the relevance of gender-based analysis as an ideology and furthermore to argue that ignoring this perspective not only diminishes individual responsibility for social change but also perpetuates gender asymmetries.
Peer reviewed: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10071/12317
DOI: 10.5964/jspp.v4i1.487
ISSN: 2195-3325
Ciência-IUL: https://ciencia.iscte-iul.pt/id/ci-pub-29293
Appears in Collections:CIS-RI - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem científica

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