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http://hdl.handle.net/10071/9432
acessibilidade
Title: Las mujeres y el mito de la agricultura de subsistencia. De la exportación de alimentos a la dependencia alimentaria en el sur de Mozambique
Other Titles: Women and the myth of subsistence agriculture. From exporting food to food dependency in Southern Mozambique
Authors: Farré, Albert
Keywords: Mozambique
Historia
Agricultura doméstica
Mujeres
Movilidad
Mercados
Mozambique
History
Subsistence agriculture
Women
Mobility
Markets
Issue Date: 29-Jul-2015
Publisher: CEI-IUL
Abstract: Uno de los temas recurrentes en los debates sobre desarrollo rural en Mozambique es la existencia y el protagonismo de la llamada agricultura doméstica de subsistencia, también referida como sector familiar. En este artículo nos proponemos cuestionar este concepto a través de una perspectiva histórica que siga los cambios producidos en las zonas rurales del sur de Mozambique, antes, durante y después del colonialismo. A menudo conceptos como economía doméstica tienden a simplificar demasiado las realidades complejas de las zonas rurales, dificultando análisis más detallados sobre los cambios que allí acontecen, por ejemplo en relación a la existencia de mercados rurales, o a las desigualdades y dependencias sociales que estructuran las sociedades rurales.
As in many African countries, agriculture has been one of the key issues when debating rural development in Mozambique. One of the current concepts in these debates is the so called subsistence agriculture. In this article we propose an historical perspective to look at changes in rural areas of Southern Mozambique before colonialism, during colonialism and after the independence. By focusing on the evolution of rural markets, social inequalities, kin and other hierarchies that structure rural societies, we propose that concepts as subsistence agriculture and family sector, if used without taking into account historical changes, tend to simplify too much ever changing rural complexities. We conclude that history can help in socioeconomic analysis and a better diagnosis for future policies.
Peer reviewed: Sim
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10071/9432
DOI: 10.4000/cea.1777
ISSN: 2182-7400
Appears in Collections:CEI-RI - Artigos em revista científica internacional com arbitragem científica

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