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|Title:||Elimination of the numerical Cerenkov instability for spectral EM-PIC codes|
Decyk, V. K.
Tsung, F. S.
Fonseca, R. A.
Silva, L. O.
Mori, W. B.
Relativistic drifting plasma
Numerical Cerenkov instability
Numerical dispersion relation
|Abstract:||When using an electromagnetic particle-in-cell (EM-PIC) code to simulate a relativistically drifting plasma, a violent numerical instability known as the numerical Cerenkov instability (NCI) occurs. The NCI is due to the unphysical coupling of electromagnetic waves on a grid to wave–particle resonances, including aliased resonances, i.e., ω+2πμ/Δt=(k1+2πν1/Δx1)v0, where μ and ν1 refer to the time and space aliases and the plasma is drifting relativistically at velocity v0 in the View the MathML source-direction. We extend our previous work Xu et al. (2013) by recasting the numerical dispersion relation of a relativistically drifting plasma into a form which shows explicitly how the instability results from the coupling modes which are purely transverse electromagnetic (EM) modes and purely longitudinal modes in the rest frame of the plasma for each time and space aliasing. The dispersion relation for each μ and ν1 is the product of the dispersion relation of these two modes set equal to a coupling term that vanishes in the continuous limit. The new form of the numerical dispersion relation provides an accurate method of systematically calculating the growth rate and location of the mode in the fundamental Brillouin zone for any Maxwell solver for each μ and ν1. We then focus on the spectral Maxwell solver and systematically discuss its NCI modes. We show that the second fastest growing NCI mode for the spectral solver corresponds to μ=ν1=0, that it has a growth rate approximately one order of magnitude smaller than the fastest growing μ=0 and ν1=1 mode, and that its location in the View the MathML source space fundamental Brillouin zone is sensitive to the grid size and time step. Based on these studies, strategies to systematically eliminate the NCI modes for a spectral solver are developed. We apply these strategies to both relativistic collisionless shock and LWFA simulations, and demonstrate that high-fidelity multi-dimensional simulations of drifting plasmas can be carried out with a spectral Maxwell solver with no evidence of numerical Cerenkov instability.|
|Description:||WOS:000354141100004 (Nº de Acesso Web of Science)|
|Publisher version:||The definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cpc.2015.02.018|
|Appears in Collections:||CTI-RI - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem científica|
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