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|Title:||Do I just look stressed or am I stressed? Work-related stress in a sample of Italian employees|
Leon-Perez, J. M.
|Publisher:||National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, JAPAN (JNIOSH)|
|Abstract:||Work-related stress is becoming a significant problem in Italy and it is therefore essential to advance the theory and methodology required to detect this phenomenon at work. Thus, the aim of this paper is to propose a new method for evaluating stress at work by measuring the discrepancies between employees' perceptions of stress and their leaders' evaluation of the stress of their subordinates. In addition, a positive impression scale was added to determine whether workers might give socially desirable responses in organizational diagnosis. Over 1,100 employees and 200 leaders within several Italian organizations were involved in this study. Structural equation modeling was used to test such new method for evaluating stress in a model of stress at work that incorporates relationships among individual (positive impression), interpersonal (workplace bullying) and organizational factors (working conditions, welfare culture, training). Results showed that the leaders' capacity to understand subordinates' stress is associated with subordinates' psychological well-being since higher disagreement between self and leaders' ratings was related to lower well-being. We discuss the implications of healthy leadership for the development of healthy organizations.|
|Publisher version:||The definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.2486/indhealth.2012-0164|
|Appears in Collections:||BRU-RI - Artigo em revista científica internacional com arbitragem científica|
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