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Title: India and Africa: maritime security and India’s strategic interests in the Western Indian Ocean
Authors: Venter, Denis
Keywords: Maritime security
Naval strategy
Strategic interests
Sphere of influence
Western Indian Ocean
Somali piracy
Issue Date: Jun-2017
Publisher: Centro de Estudos Internacionais do Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL)
Abstract: In the 2010s, in conjunction with an expansion of India’s naval capabilities, there has been a significant extension of India’s maritime security relationships throughout the Indian Ocean region. Much of the emphasis has been on developing relationships with small states (Mauritius, the Seychelles, and Oman) at, or near, the key points of entry into the Western Indian Ocean. Arguably, the extreme asymmetries in size have made the development of such relationships relatively easy, as there is no question of competition or rivalry. Some of these states have long seen India as a benign security provider and have maritime policing needs that India can usefully fulfil. In some cases, India may effectively act as a security guarantor, as is arguably the case with Mauritius and the Maldives. But gaps inevitably remain in India’s strategic posture and New Delhi needs to further strengthen its hand in coastal Africa and on the Arabian Peninsula. Also, littoral states on the African seaboard look towards regional power centres for assistance in maintaining maritime order and addressing security challenges. Countries with enhanced maritime capabilities like India, South Africa, Australia, and the US could assist by not only co-operating amongst themselves, but also by taking other littoral states on board as part of multilateral efforts towards the maintenance of maritime order. A challenge for New Delhi is to maintain perceptions of India as a benign and non-hegemonic power in the Indian Ocean region as it moves towards achieving great power status.
Peer reviewed: yes
ISBN: 978-989-8876-16-4
Appears in Collections:CEI-CLI - Autoria de capítulos de livros internacionais

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