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Title: An empirical analysis of the influence of macroeconomic determinants on World tourism demand
Authors: Martins, L. F.
Gan, Y.
Ferreira-Lopes, A.
Keywords: Exchange rate
Panel data model
Poisson panel data model
Relative domestic prices
Tourism demand
World income
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: This paper considers three econometric models to determine the relationship between macroeconomic variables and tourism demand. Tourism demand is measured by the inbound visitor's population and also by on-the-ground expenditures. Macroeconomic determinants include the exchange rate, the relative domestic prices, and the World GDP per capita. The database is an unbalanced panel of 218 countries over the period 1995-2012. There is evidence that an increase in the World's GDP per capita, a depreciation of the national currency, and a decline of relative domestic prices do help boosting the number of arrivals and the correspondent expenditure level. The World's GDP per capita is more relevant when explaining arrivals, but relative prices become more important when we use expenditures as the proxy for tourism demand. In particular, we cannot reject the hypothesis of a relative prices unitary elasticity of expenditures. Additionally, we have also partitioned our data by income level and by continent. Results are robust in the first partition, but less robust in the second, although the main conclusions still hold.
Peer reviewed: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.tourman.2017.01.008
ISSN: 0261-5177
Accession number: WOS:000401398200026
Appears in Collections:BRU-RI - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem científica

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