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Title: Contactless Impedance Cardiography Using Embedded Sensors
Authors: Pinheiro, E.
Postolache, O.
Girão, P.
Keywords: Biomedical instrumentation
Embedded sensing
Impedance measurement
Non-invasive monitoring
Unobtrusive devices
Wheelchair technology
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Institute of Measurement Science. Slovak Academy
Abstract: Impedance cardiography is a technique developed with the intent of monitoring cardiac output. By inspecting a few properties of the obtained signal (impedance cardiogram (ICG), the left ventricular ejection time can be derived with certainty, and an estimate of cardiac output is available. This signal is nowadays used in non-invasive monitoring, requiring the placement of electrodes over the subject’s skin, either ECG-type or in the form of encircling bands. The work here reported describes the implementation steps and the results obtained when embedding the ICG circuitry in a wheelchair’s backrest. The subject is seated normally, is normally dressed, and is completely unaware that monitoring is taking place. That means that the variation of tenths of ohm produced due to the cardiac cycle has to be detected with electrodes having substantial coupling impedance. Contactless ICG with embedded sensors was developed and tested on fourteen healthy subjects. The signal was always acquired, although respiratory activity is also important, constituting a noteworthy innovation in the area
Description: WOS:000322540700008 (Nº de Acesso Web of Science)
Peer reviewed: Sim
ISSN: 1335-8871
Publisher version: The definitive version is available at:
Appears in Collections:IT-RI - Artigo em revista internacional com arbitragem científica
CTI-RI - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem científica

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