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http://hdl.handle.net/10071/8123
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Title: Gratitude depends on the relational model of communal sharing
Authors: Simão, C.
Seibt, B.
Keywords: Gratitude
Relational models theory
Communal sharing
Benefits
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Abstract: We studied the relation between benefits, perception of social relationships and gratitude. Across three studies, we provide evidence that benefits increase gratitude to the extent to which one applies a mental model of a communal relationship. In Study 1, the communal sharing relational model, and no other relational models, predicted the amount of gratitude participants felt after imagining receiving a benefit from a new acquaintance. In Study 2, participants recalled a large benefit they had received. Applying a communal sharing relational model increased feelings of gratitude for the benefit. In Study 3, we manipulated whether the participant or another person received a benefit from an unknown other. Again, we found that the extent of communal sharing perceived in the relationship with the stranger predicted gratitude. An additional finding of Study 2 was that communal sharing predicted future gratitude regarding the relational partner in a longitudinal design. To conclude, applying a communal sharing model predicts gratitude regarding concrete benefits and regarding the relational partner, presumably because one perceives the communal partner as motivated to meet one's needs. Finally, in Study 3, we found in addition that being the recipient of a benefit without opportunity to repay directly increased communal sharing, and indirectly increased gratitude. These circumstances thus seem to favor the attribution of communal norms, leading to a communal sharing representation and in turn to gratitude. We discuss the importance of relational models as mental representations of relationships for feelings of gratitude.
Description: WOS:000330283100115 (Nº de Acesso Web of Science)
Peer reviewed: Sim
URI: https://ciencia.iscte-iul.pt/public/pub/id/15618
http://hdl.handle.net/10071/8123
ISSN: 1932-6203
Publisher version: The definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086158
Appears in Collections:CIS-RI - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem científica

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