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http://hdl.handle.net/10071/7157
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Title: Mate Value and Self-Esteem: Evidence from Eight Cultural Groups
Authors: Goodwin, Robin
Marshall, Tara
Fülöp, Marta
Adonu, Joseph
Spiewak, Slawomir
Neto, Felix
Plaza, Sonia Hernandez
Issue Date: Apr-2012
Publisher: PLoS
Abstract: This paper explores self-perceived mate value (SPMV), and its association with self-esteem, in eight cultures. 1066 participants, from 8 cultural groups in 7 countries, rated themselves on 24 SPMVs and completed a measure of self-esteem. Consistent with evolutionary theory, women were more likely to emphasise their caring and passionate romantic nature. In line with previous cross-cultural research, characteristics indicating passion and romance and social attractiveness were stressed more by respondents from individualistic cultures, and those higher on self-expression (rather than survival) values; characteristics indicative of maturity and confidence were more likely to be mentioned by those from Traditional, rather than Secular, cultures. Contrary to gender role theory, societal equality had only limited interactions with sex and SPMV, with honesty of greater significance for male self-esteem in societies with unequal gender roles. These results point to the importance of cultural and environmental factors in influencing self-perceived mate qualities, and are discussed in relation to broader debates about the impact of gender role equality on sex differences in personality and mating strategies.
Description: WOS:000305345200117 (Nº de Acesso Web of Science)
“Prémio Científico ISCTE-IUL 2013”
Peer reviewed: Sim
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10071/7157
ISSN: 1932-6203
Publisher version: The definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036106
Appears in Collections:CIES-RI - Artigos em revista científica internacional com arbitragem científica

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