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Title: Hard to recall but easy to judge: Retrieval strategies in social information processing
Authors: Garrido, M. V.
Garcia-Marques, L.
Hamilton, D. L.
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Guilford Publications Inc
Abstract: The present research distinguishes two different retrieval modes: exhaustive and heuristic retrieval. Whereas exhaustive retrieval is elemental and retrieves specific memory traces, the output of heuristic retrieval is a memory composite. Different memory tasks depend upon these two retrieval modes in various degrees. Using a part-list cueing paradigm, we found a dissociation: providing part-list cues hindered the retrieval of the non-cued behaviors in free recall but boosted frequency estimates. In a second study, using a collaborative recall paradigm, each of three participants recalled one of the previously presented behaviors in turn. We hypothesized that behaviors recalled by other participants would become hyper-accessible, inhibiting the retrieval of non-recalled behaviors but boosting the corresponding frequency estimates relative to non-collaborative recall conditions. The results supported the hypotheses. The parallelism of the results of the two studies suggests that retrieval interference or inhibition is a crucial feature of social memory.
Description: WOS:000299909400004 (Nº de Acesso Web of Science)
“Prémio Científico ISCTE-IUL 2013”
Peer reviewed: Sim
ISSN: 0278-016X
Appears in Collections:CIS-RI - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem científica

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