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Title: Early maltreatment and current quality of relational care predict socioemotional problems among institutionalized infants and toddlers
Authors: Baptista, J.
Silva, J. R.
Marques, S.
Martins, C.
Soares, I.
Keywords: Institutional rearing
Motor development
Child maltreatment
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Willey
Abstract: The present study is focused on child socioemotional problems 6 months after institutionalization, by considering the putative predictive role of child maltreatment, of developmental functioning at admission and the following months, and of the quality of institutional relational care. Fifty institutionalized infants and toddlers participated in this study. Child developmental functioning (i.e., cognitive, language, and motor development) was assessed at admission to the institution (Wave 0), and 3 (Wave 1) and 6 months (Wave 2) thereafter. The quality of institutional relational care—operationalized in terms of caregivers’ sensitivity and cooperation—was measured at Wave 2. Caregivers reported on the presence of disturbed socioemotional behaviors at Wave 2. Child gestational age, birth weight, age, and stunted growth at admission to the institution served as covariates. Results revealed significant associations between socioemotional difficulties and lower levels of motor development at Waves 0 and 1, child maltreatment, and less sensitive caregiving. A logistic regression showed that child maltreatment and caregiver insensitivity were the only significant predictors of disturbed socioemotional functioning by the end of 6 months of institutionalization.
Peer reviewed: yes
DOI: 10.1002/imhj.21741
ISSN: 0163-9641
Accession number: WOS:000450297100010
Appears in Collections:CIS-RI - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem científica

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