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http://hdl.handle.net/10071/10534
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Title: Sexual orientation and gender identity: review of concepts, controversies and their relation to psychopathology classification systems
Authors: Moleiro, C.
Pinto, N.
Keywords: Sexual orientation
Gender identity
Transgender
Discrimination
Psychopathology
Mental health care
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
Abstract: Numerous controversies and debates have taken place throughout the history of psychopathology (and its main classification systems) with regards to sexual orientation and gender identity. These are still reflected on present reformulations of gender dysphoria in both the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual and the International Classification of Diseases, and in more or less subtle micro-aggressions experienced by lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans patients in mental health care. The present paper critically reviews this history and current controversies. It reveals that this deeply complex field contributes (i) to the reflection on the very concept of mental illness; (ii) to the focus on subjective distress and person-centered experience of psychopathology; and (iii) to the recognition of stigma and discrimination as significant intervening variables. Finally, it argues that sexual orientation and gender identity have been viewed, in the history of the field of psychopathology, between two poles: gender transgression and gender variance/fluidity.
Peer reviewed: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10071/10534
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01511
ISSN: 1664-1078
Ciência-IUL: https://ciencia.iscte-iul.pt/id/ci-pub-25564
Accession number: WOS:000363413700001
Appears in Collections:CIS-RI - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem científica

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